What Are the Types of Traumatic Brain Injury?
According to Stanford Health Care, there are four general types of brain injury:
- Primary brain injury
- Secondary brain injury
- Closed brain injury
- Penetrating brain injury
These different types of traumatic brain injury (TBI) may have different risks and symptoms. Knowing the possible signs of brain injury may help you or a loved one make a choice to seek medical attention.
Exploring Different Types of Brain Injury
Relevant warning signs may depend on the specific type of brain injury that you or a loved one has suffered. Consider the following brain injury types and corresponding symptoms, with details provided by Stanford Health Care.
Primary Brain Injury
The primary injury affecting your brain refers to the immediate effect of an accident. If you struck your head on your vehicle’s steering wheel, for example, your primary injuries may include the initial bruising caused to your brain by the impact. Primary injury may be a catalyst for secondary brain injuries.
Secondary Brain Injury
A primary brain injury may cause sudden effects that are damaging in their own right. It may also set off changes in your brain that are considered secondary injuries. These injuries may emerge and evolve with time and could worsen.
Closed Brain Injury
The category of closed brain injury is one that may be adjacent to a primary or secondary injury—they are not mutually exclusive. A closed brain injury refers to when the brain is not struck directly, as the skull is not penetrated as the result of the injury-causing brain damage. These injuries could come from:
- Motor vehicle accidents
- Pedestrian accidents
- Sporting accidents
- Trip or slip and fall accidents
Any circumstances where you suffer brain damage, but the skull is not penetrated may be a closed brain injury.
Penetrating Brain Injury
As the name implies, a penetrating brain injury is one in which the skull is penetrated by some object that harms the brain. This could happen under many circumstances, including but not limited to:
- A construction accident
- An accident caused by dangerous premises
- A gunshot wound
These types of traumatic brain injury may result in unique symptoms and harm. A doctor may provide a diagnosis specific to your or your loved one’s injury and may provide a prognosis for recovery.
TBI May Be Reason to Bring a Lawsuit
A traumatic brain injury often causes permanent damage to your quality of life and may cost you financially and in other ways. At Dansker & Aspromonte Associates, our lawyers have decades of experience in fighting for brain injury victims and ensuring that they recover substantial compensation for their physical, emotional, and economic injuries. Some categories of damages which may be recoverable include:
- Pain and suffering for all physical and emotional injuries
- Loss of enjoyment of life
- Mental anguish
- Future pain and suffering
- Lost wages and benefits
- Future lost wages and benefits
- Hospital and medical expenses
- Medical equipment, adaptations, and medications
- Loss of services around the home
- Damage to the marital relationship
- Any other out of pocket expenses caused by the injuries
If a traumatic brain injury claims a loved one’s life, then your lawyer may pursue compensation for additional losses through a wrongful death lawsuit including funeral and burial expenses, loss of guidance, and loss of support.
Call Dansker & Aspromonte Associates Today
The injury lawyers at Dansker & Aspromonte Associates will fight for you and your loved ones’ best possible outcome. Call us today. Our lawyers are ready to help. If we agree to accept your case, you will not be required to pay any money upfront. We only collect a legal fee when we recover financial compensation for you.
Call our team today at (646) 692-0204 for a free consultation. Don’t delay however as there are deadlines that limit your rights. If you fail to file certain claims for benefits and financial damages within the deadline, you may be prevented from recovering what you deserve.
Possible Signs of Brain Injury
If you have yet to receive a brain injury diagnosis or have been told that you or a loved one do not have a brain injury, then the following symptoms may compel you to seek a first or second opinion. Brain injury symptoms may be subtle at first, but seeking medical attention could be life-saving if they persist or worsen.
Changes in Your Mood And Behavior
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) explains that a traumatic brain injury could cause:
- Changes in your sleep patterns, which may include sleeping more or less than usual
- An apparent lack of energy
- Abnormal emotional reactions
Such changes in mood or behavior may stem from damage to your brain and might be a reason to visit a doctor as soon as possible.
The brain is inseparable from our mental state, and the Mayo Clinic touches on some of the cognitive problems that can arise from damage to your brain. Possible problems with cognition after a brain injury include:
- Mild or severe memory problems
- Difficulty concentrating on tasks or trains of thought
- Confusion that may not be explainable without considering the injury to the brain
These issues may be especially concerning if the person who exhibits them does not usually experience problems in these areas.
Coma or Loss of Consciousness
If symptoms become severe enough to cause loss of consciousness or a coma, then the brain injury in question may be extensive.
These and other brain injury symptoms may have a catastrophic effect on your ability to perform your daily activities and enjoy life. If you or someone you know has sustained a traumatic brain injury as the result of someone’s fault, New York law permits the victim to demand fair and just compensation for each and every type of damage that resulted.
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